NAME OF THE ORGANISM: Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV000)
GENERAL INFORMATION ON THE PEST
Name as submitted in the project specification (if different to the preferred name):
Viruses and viroids
1- Identity of the pest/Level of taxonomic listing:
Is the organism clearly a single taxonomic entity and can it be adequately distinguished from other entities of the same rank?
Is the pest defined at the species level or lower?:
Can listing of the pest at a taxonomic level higher than species be supported by scientific reasons or can species be identified within the taxonomic rank which are the (main) pests of concern?
- Not relevant: Vegetable propagating and planting material (other than seeds) sector
Is it justified that the pest is listed at a taxonomic rank below species level?
- Candidate: Vegetable propagating and planting material (other than seeds) sector
2 – Status in the EU:
Is this pest already a quarantine pest for the whole EU?
Presence in the EU:
List of countries (EPPO Global Database):
Austria (2002); Belgium (2013); Bulgaria (2014); Croatia (2002); Cyprus (2011); Czech Republic (1993); Denmark (1992); Estonia (2002); Finland (2011); France (1993); Germany (1993); Greece (2015); Hungary (2002); Ireland (2002); Italy (2014); Latvia (2002); Lithuania (2002); Malta (1995); Netherlands (1993); Poland (2014); Portugal (2002); Romania (1992); Slovakia (2002); Slovenia (2002); Spain (2013); Sweden (2002); United Kingdom (1993)
Justification (if necessary):
Data of the presence of this pest on the EU territory are available in EPPO Global Database (https://gd.eppo.int/).
HOST PLANT N°1: Capsicum annuum (CPSAN) for the Vegetable propagating and planting material (other than seeds) sector.
Origin of the listing:
2 - Vegetable seedling sector: Commission Directive 93/61/EC
Plants for planting:
Plants intended for planting
3 - Is the pest already listed in a PM4 standard on the concerned host plant?
4 - Are the listed plants for planting the main* pathway for the "pest/host/intended use" combination? (*: significant compared to others):
CMV has a very wide host range, including member species of the Solanaceae, Cucurbitaceae, Leguminosae and many weeds. Relative to the inoculum that is already present around fields, vegetable propagating and planting material is not a significant pathway.
CONCLUSION ON THE STATUS:
Disqualified: Plants for planting is not considered to be a significant pathway in view of its wide host range. The 'substantially free from requirement' would be sufficient.
8 - Tolerance level:
Is there a need to change the Tolerance level:
Proposed Tolerance levels:
9 - Risk management measures:
Is there a need to change the Risk management measure:
Proposed Risk management measure:
- CABI (Centre for Agricultural Bioscience International) (2017) Datasheets Cucumber mosaic virus (cucumber mosaic). Invasive species compendium. CABI, Wallingford, UK. Available from http://www.cabi.org/isc/datasheet/16970;